Finding aid for the Hosea Paul Papers

Hosea Paul Papers
Western Reserve Historical Society
Phone: 216-721-5722
Paul, Hosea
2.11 linear feet (5 containers, 1 oversize volume, and 1 oversize folder)
Hosea Paul, Jr., was a surveyor and Cuyahoga County (Ohio) recorder, 1912-1921, who introduced the use of the Torrens system of land registration and title transfer into Cuyahoga County, as well as an improved indexing system for recording land titles and transactions. A civil and consulting engineer, Paul was auditor of Summit County, Ohio in 1874 and deputy surveyor at Akron and Cleveland. He prepared maps for publication and tax purposes for cities and counties in Ohio, Indiana and elsewhere. Paul resurveyed the Lake Erie & Western Railroad and was chief engineer for the Toledo & Western Railway County in 1891. In Akron, he directed the affairs of the survey firm Paul Brothers (also known as H. Paul & Co.) in 1875-1876, and came to Cleveland in 1878. He was one of seven children of Hosea Paul (1809-1870), long-time surveyor of Summit County, and, in 1875 married Emma Plum. Paul was one of the organizers of the Cleveland Engineering Society in 1880. A protege of mayors Tom L. Johnson and Newton D. Baker, he exemplified the Progressive ideal of bringing professionalism and sound business practices to the operation of government. The collection consists of correspondence; material pertaining to the administration and operation of the county recorder's office; campaign and election material; pocket journals; bank books; diaries (1872-1918), including diaries of Emma Paul (1876-1904); biographical information and resumes; miscellaneous memoranda and account books re: the Toledo & Western Railway; certificates; research notes and histories, addresses, speeches and essays re: Akron and Summit County, the Civil War, the discovery of oil in Pennsylvania, and Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; newspaper clippings and printed material re: the Torrens system of land title and registration; survey blueprints and blueprints re: railroad improvements, gradings and slopes; railroad maps and blueprint maps of townships in Ohio and Indiana; Ohio and Indiana railroad profile scale drawings and an analysis of the Akron & Newcastle Railroad; an 1875 atlas of Wabash County, Indiana; newspaper clippings on the benefits of road improvements; and, a scrapbook pertaining to World War I. Included is a run of the periodical, Land Registration, journal of the Torrens Land Title Registration League.
MS 3312
closed stacks
The records are in English

Biography of Hosea Paul

Hosea Paul (1845-1923) was born in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, on January 17, 1845. His parents, Hosea and Ellen Gamble Paul, were early settlers of the region, traveling from Vermont to Ohio in 1834. Hosea, one of the youngest of seven children, followed his father's and older brothers' professional interests in surveying and trained under their tutelage. While Hosea's father and brothers served in the American Civil War, he managed the family's surveying business, completing Summit County maps and surveys. After 1864, Paul participated in relief work for the Army of the Potomac, City Point, Virginia, and from 1865 to 1866, he surveyed Oil Creek and Pithole, Pennsylvania. Returning to Akron in 1866, Paul served for a period of time as City Engineer and County Auditor. During his surveying career, he prepared city maps and atlases, including ones for Wabash County, Indiana, and Cleveland, Ohio. He worked for fifteen years in railroad surveying and construction in Detroit and Toledo and served as assistant engineer for the Cleveland Park System and as Deputy Surveyor for Cuyahoga County. In 1875, Hosea Paul married Emma Plum, whose family members were early settlers in Cuyahoga Falls. Well-read and intelligent, she accompanied her husband on many of his surveying travels in the Midwest. Their only child, Katie Eveline, died of diphtheria at the age of ten. Emma died in 1913 in Cleveland of heart failure. Paul took office in 1913 as Cuyahoga County Recorder, being familiar with land division and transfer laws, and he was easily reelected in 1916. During his tenure as County Recorder, he proposed that the Torrens System, a progressive system of land transfer laws, be adopted by Cuyahoga County. He held his position of County Recorder until his voluntary retirement. During his later years, Paul was elected to the Board of Education in Cleveland and was a founding member of the Cleveland Engineering Society. He was also active in the City Club and the Cleveland Real Estate Board and was a director of the Associate Investment Company and the Summit County Bank. Paul was well-known for his historical addresses and writings regarding the pioneer settlement of the Western Reserve and the history of oil development.

Scope and Content

The Hosea Paul Family Papers, 1856-1923 and undated, consist of diaries, personal correspondence and account books, genealogical research material, newspaper clippings, and surveying notes, correspondence, proposals, maps, and blueprints and other professional material collected during Paul's career as a surveyor and Cuyahoga County Recorder.

This is an informative collection of material, concerning not only Paul's surveys in the Akron and Cuyahoga Falls and his work in Cleveland, but also his interests in family genealogy and the history of the areas where he lived and worked. Historians interested in later 19th century surveys for counties and railroads and how surveyors' businesses operated during this time will find the material in this collection useful, especially the expense account books and project proposals. While serving as Cuyahoga County Recorder, Paul became an enthusiastic supporter of the Torrens System of land registration, and this interest is well documented in the manuscript collection. In addition, genealogists of the Paul family and related families might find Paul's own family research notes helpful. Historians of Cuyahoga Falls and Cleveland will also find of interest Paul's collection of writings, speeches, and newspaper clippings about the history of those areas.

Statement of Arrangement

The collection is arranged in two series.
Series I: Hosea Paul's Personal and Family Records is arranged by document type and then chronologically.
Series II: Hosea Paul's Career as Surveyor and Cuyahoga County Recorder is arranged by document type and then chronologically.

Restrictions on Access


Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


Akron and Newcastle Railroad.
Cuyahoga County (Ohio) -- History -- Sources.
Cuyahoga County (Ohio) -- Officials and employees -- Archives.
Cuyahoga County (Ohio). Recorder's office.
Cuyahoga Falls (Ohio) -- History -- Sources.
Indiana -- Maps.
Land titles -- Registration and transfer -- Ohio -- Cuyahoga County.
Ohio -- Maps.
Paul family.
Paul, Emma, d. 1913 -- Diaries.
Paul, Hosea -- Archives.
Railroad engineering.
Railroads -- Grades.
Railroads -- Indiana -- Surveying.
Railroads -- Ohio -- Surveying.
Summit County (Ohio) -- History -- Sources.
Torrens system -- United States.
Wabash County (Ind.) -- Maps.
World War, 1914-1918.

Preferred Citation

[Container ___, Folder ___ ] MS 3312 Hosea Paul Papers, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio

Acquisition Information

Provenance unrecorded.

Processing Information

Processed by Rebecca M. Johnson in 1993.

Detailed Description of The Collection

Series I: Hosea Paul's Personal and Family Records, 1874-1936; undated

Box 1 / Folder 1
Diary, Hosea Paul and Emma Paul, 1874-1875

Box 1 / Folder 1
Diary, Hosea Paul, 1882

Box 1 / Folder 2
Diary, Hosea Paul, 1903-1904

Box 1 / Folder 3
Diary, Hosea Paul, 1907

Box 1 / Folder 4
Diary, Emma Plum Paul, 1876-1877

Box 1 / Folder 5
Birthday Book with notations, kept by Emma Paul, 1883

Box 1 / Folder 6-8
Correspondence, personal and business related, 1886-1923

Box 2 / Folder 9
Certificates of marriage, county recorder, county commissioner, and others, 1875-1915

Box 2 / Folder 10
Memberships, Cleveland Board of Education, Cleveland Automobile Club, Civil Engineers Club of Cleveland, Cleveland Engineering Society, 1885-1913

Box 2 / Folder 11
Resumes, Hosea Paul, 1901-1917

Box 2 / Folder 12
Miscellaneous personal material, including invitations, funeral notices, and manuscripts related to Katie Paul, 1875-1921

Box 2 / Folder 13
Account books, Hosea and Emma Paul, including Citizen's Bank, Wabash, Indiana, 1875-1876; Savings and Trust Co., Cleveland, 1894-1902; Citizens Savings and Trust Co., Cleveland, 1905-1907; Depositors Savings and Trust Co., Cleveland, 1907-1908; Licking Co. Bank and Trust Co, Newark, Ohio, 1909-1910; Commercial National Bank, Coshocton, Ohio, 1910; and First National Bank, Canton, Ohio, 1909-1913, 1875-1913

Box 2 / Folder 14
Miscellaneous personal expenses, 1908-1909

Box 2 / Folder 15
Financial records regarding personal property on Poverty Hill, Harmony, Pennsylvania, and other property, 1914-1918

Box 2 / Folder 16
Speeches and writings of Hosea Paul, 1918

Box 2 / Folder 16
Publicity for addresses, 1914-1919

Box 2 / Folder 17-18
Research notes for address on "The Romance of Oil", undated

Box 2 / Folder 19
Research notes for address on Old Time Map and Atlas Men, undated

Box 3 / Folder 20
Research notes, Cleveland history, undated

Box 3 / Folder 21
Research notes, prehistory of Cuyahoga River, undated

Box 3 / Folder 22
Research notes, petroleum industry, railroads, automobile, reminiscences, undated

Box 3 / Folder 23
Research notes, Portage county, Taylor School, and miscellaneous topics, undated

Box 3 / Folder 24
Research notes and related correspondence, miscellaneous, 1874-1906

Box 3 / Folder 25
Genealogical research, Paul family, undated

Box 3 / Folder 25
Genealogical research, Hosea Paul, Sr. family, undated

Box 3 / Folder 25
Newspaper clippings, Paul family, 1886-1921

Box 3 / Folder 26
Genealogical research, correspondence, Paul family, 1883-1920

Box 3 / Folder 27
Genealogical research and newspaper clippings, Plum family, 1895-1936

Box 3 / Folder 27
Genealogical research and newspaper clippings, Jewitt family, Lodge family, Halloway family, and Gamble and Couch families, undated

Box 4 / Folder 28-30
Newspaper clippings, related to Paul family, Cuyahoga Falls, Cleveland city government, and Cuyahoga County government, 1867-1922

Folder 41
Oversize Folder 1: Genealogical charts, Paul family, including "Genealogy of the American Paul Family, 1615-1879," and "Descendants of Robert S. Paul,", undated

Volume 1
"No. 5, Hosea Paul, Local History," containing newspaper clippings pasted to pages of the Atlas to Wabash County, Indiana by Hosea Paul, regarding history of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, and the region around Akron, Ohio, 1877-1881

Series II: Hosea Paul's Career as Surveyor and Cuyahoga County Recorder, .

Box 4 / Folder 31
Financial accounts, employee rosters, survey notes, business cards, 1872-1911

Box 4 / Folder 32
Expense account books, Wabash expenses, 1874-1878

Box 4 / Folder 33
Proposals, H. Paul Bros. Company, Akron, 1876-1880

Box 4 / Folder 34
County Recorder Office materials: job description, business cards, publications, 1912-1919

Box 4 / Folder 34
Financial records, campaign expenses submitted a county recorder candidate, 1916-1918

Box 5 / Folder 35
Railroad survey project material, including: Akron and Newcastle railroad report for belt terminal and industrial development, maps, surveys, slope measurement tables, undated; Toledo and Western Railway, undated; "Railroad Gazette" article, 1906; financial material involving railroad surveys, 1886-1900; and miscellaneous railroad maps, undated, 1886-1906

Box 5 / Folder 36
Miscellaneous railroad slope measurements, six rolls, including Toledo and Western Railway Co., Williams Co., Ohio, 1890-1891; Toledo-Chicago Line, 1891; and Steuben Co., 1890, 1890-1891

Box 5 / Folder 37
Torrens System, draft copy of "Lank Title Division Transfer", undated

Box 5 / Folder 38-39
Torrens System, pamphlets, articles, booklets on laws, 1881-1922

Box 5 / Folder 40
Torrens System, newspaper clippings, 1908-1923

Folder 41
Oversize Folder 1: Blueprints of Hosea Paul Bros. Co. projects, including: West Point, Avon Lorain Co., Ohio, 1903; Lot 28, Stow Township, Summit Co., Ohio, 1904; Part of Block 34, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, 1910; Copy of map of City of Cleveland, undated; Surveys at Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, Lots 13-15, Block M, undated; Plan of the Municipal Water and Light Plant, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, 1906; The Willetts Allotment, Cuyahoga Falls, 1908; Survey of Parts of front, North, Bailey, and Paine Sts, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, 1906, 1903-1908