History of previous hit OBAR next hit

A group of Ohio State Bar Association (OSBA) members began investigating computer assisted legal research technology in the mid 1960s, subsequently forming a nonprofit subsidiary in 1967, the Ohio Bar Automated Research (previous hit OBAR next hit), to develop a computer assisted legal research system for Ohio lawyers. previous hit OBAR next hit contracted with Data Corporation, an Ohio based company specializing in information retrieval, to create the service. Essentially Data Corporation would provide the technology development while previous hit OBAR next hit would raise funds, market, and administer the service (also called previous hit OBAR next hit); both entities were to divide sales revenues. Computer assisted legal research proved feasible; but response time, communication protocol, and other issues were problematic. More funding was necessary to solve technical issues, but both previous hit OBAR next hit and Data Corporation had constraints about committing to additional funding.

Unexpectedly, U.S. based Mead Corporation acquired Data Central as a wholly owned subsidiary in 1969. Initially interested in Data Corporation's scanning technology, Mead became interested in the automated search service developed by previous hit OBAR next hit and Data Corporation. Mead's market research indicated that while a market for online research existed, the existing database required substantial rebuilding. Deciding to go forward with developing an online system, Mead formed a new subsidiary, Mead Data Central (MDC), to concentrate solely on a nationwide automated legal research system. During the next few years Mead invested millions of dollars in the redevelopment of the database, although previous hit OBAR's next hit early concept for a full text, interactive system remained.

By 1971, points of tension developed in previous hit OBAR next hit and MDC's non-profit/commercial joint venture, but previous hit OBAR next hit continued to promote the system, while MDC handled the business and technical aspects. In 1971 previous hit OBAR next hit sold its proprietary interests to Mead Data Central, receiving ten years of royalty payments in return. The system was not yet generating revenue, so previous hit OBAR next hit borrowed against "future" royalty payments to meet its administrative costs. Although previous hit OBAR next hit was not formally a part of MDC after 1971, over the next few years previous hit OBAR next hit actively promoted test marketing and training of the second-generation previous hit OBAR next hit system, publicly unveiled as "LEXIS" in April 1973. During the full ten year contractual period with MDC (1971-81), previous hit OBAR next hit continued to promote and provide assistance for the system. In fact, as late as 1989, previous hit OBAR next hit President Robert Asman received significant subscription waiver charges in return for continuing to promote the LEXIS service (C34, Apr. 24, 1989). previous hit OBAR's next hit role in the development of what is now a huge international legal service (MDC sold its interests to Reed-Elsevier in 1994) was substantial.

Case Western Reserve University Law School was recognized by Mead Data Central as the first law school to use the LEXIS system on a regular basis. See Spencer Neth, Computerized Legal Research in the Law Schools: the Case Western Reserve Experience, 28 Journal of Legal Education 553 (1977) -- "In November of 1971, Case Western Reserve Law School moved into a handsome new building complex. Awaiting our arrival and located in a room set aside for that purpose was a computer terminal connected to the previous hit OBAR next hit computerized legal research system. CWRU thus became the first law school in the United States to have a computerized legal research system permanently installed." In a footnote Spencer adds that "Professor Arthur R. Miller at the University of Michigan and later at Harvard University and a few other law school professors previously had previous hit OBAR next hit terminals on a temporary, experimental basis."

PLEASE NOTE: Due to technical difficulties with the date display in the following chronology list, dates have temporarily been moved to the event column.

Much of the history above is derived from William G. Harrington, "A Brief History of Computer-Assisted Legal Research", 77 L. Lib. J. 543 (1984-85).

Date Event
1960: Demonstration of "Horty system" at ABA annual meeting (serves as early previous hit OBAR next hit model)
1964-66: OSBA begins investigation of online legal research database development
1966: OSBA crafts service definition for legal reseach database
Jan. 1967: OSBA forms subsidiary nonprofit corporation, previous hit OBAR next hit, to develop automated research project
1967: previous hit OBAR next hit contracts with Data Corporation (Gorog, Giering) for database development support
1967: previous hit OBAR next hit sells debenture bonds to members of the OSBA to raise funds for the contract
1967-69: previous hit OBAR next hit/Data Corporation continue carrying out terms of contract & establish working service
1968: Mead Corporation acquires Data Corporation (initial interest is in DC's scanning technology)
Oct. 1969: Mead contracts with N.Y. firm, A.D. Little, for market studies about automated research
Feb. 1970:Mead forms new subsidiary,Mead Data Central (MDC)for nationwide automated research service
1971:Robert Asman becomes previous hit OBAR next hit President; previous hit OBAR next hit continues relationship with MDC for terms of contract
1971: Case Western Reserve law school begins using previous hit OBAR next hit system
1971: Jerome Rubin replaces Donald Wilson as president of Mead Data Central
Feb. 1971: previous hit OBAR next hit sells proprietary interests to MDC in return for 10 year royalty payments
1972: Ohio market test for second generation system complete, ready for nationwide marketing
Apr.1973: MDC launches Lexis as publicly available service; headquarters remains in Dayton, Oh
Apr. 1973: Ohio Secretary of State approves previous hit OBAR next hit for current legislation subscription
1974:Filing fee Am.S.B. 214 bill passed 110th Ohio G.A.- helps courts defray computer research costs
1981: End of previous hit OBAR next hit and Mead Data Central's contractual relationship & royalty payments (1971-1981)
July 1983: Final previous hit OBAR next hit trustee meeting?
1985: Asman continues promoting LEXIS, but previous hit OBAR next hit is inactive & bonds have zero value
Nov. 1986: Ohio State Bar Foundation ends previous hit OBAR next hit subsidy